Europe / Ancient Greece

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50,000BC 10,000BC 3,000BC 500AD
 
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Start: -3000
End: -2100
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -2100
End: -1550
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry: Bronze Age
Reference: historian: Heinrich Schliemann 1822-1890historian: Heinrich Schliemann 1822-1890
Notes:
Start: -1900
End: -1750
Type: Culture
Note: Palace period, Middle Bronze Age
Capital:
Language:
Script: Linear A
Religion: Matriarchal
Agriculture:
Industry: Bronze
Reference: Arthur Evans 1851-1941Arthur Evans 1851-1941
Notes:
Start: -1300
End: -1180
Type: Dynasty
Note: Atyads
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference: HerodotusHerodotus
Notes:

  Lydia

 
Start: -716
End: -546
Type: Dynasty
Note: Mermnads
Capital:
Language: Lydian (Indo-European)
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -800
End: -495
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language: Ionic (Indo European)
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -1500
End: -1170
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script: Linear A
Religion: Matriarchal
Agriculture:
Industry: Bronze Age
Reference:
Notes: historian: Arthur Evans 1851-1941
Start: -1556
End: -1060
Type: Culture
Note: Late Helladic
Capital:
Language: Mycenaean (Indo-European)
Script: Linear B
Religion: Early Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry: Bronze Age
Reference: Heinrich Schliemann 1822-1890Heinrich Schliemann 1822-1890
Notes: Achaens
Start: -800
End: -500
Type: Language group
Note:
Capital:
Language: Doric (Indo-European)
Script: Greek Alphabet
Religion: Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -570
End: -323
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language: Ancient Greek
Script: Greek Alphabet
Religion: Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -1150
End: -800
Type: Period
Note: Dorian Invasion
Capital:
Language: Doric (Indo-European)
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -2500
End: -2000
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -1750
End: -1500
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script: Linear A
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:

 

 
Start: 0
End: 0
Type: Dynasty
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -800
End: -570
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -3000
End: -2500
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: 0
End: 0
Type: Delete
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -3500
End: -1900
Type: Culture
Note: Bronze Age
Capital:
Language:
Script: Linear A
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes: The Bronze Age began on Crete around 3200 BC
Start: -800
End: -500
Type: Language group
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -668
End: -458
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -359
End: -323
Type: Dynasty
Note: Argead Dynasty
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: 0
End: 0
Type: Delete
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -808
End: -359
Type: Dynasty
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Ancient Greek Religion
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: 306
End: 518
Type: Empire
Note: Byzantine
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Christianity
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -306
End: -168
Type: Dynasty
Note: Diadochi (Alexandrian)
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Hellenistic,Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -1185
End: -680
Type: Dynasty
Note: Tylonids
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference: HerodotusHerodotus
Notes:
Start: -27
End: 395
Type: Empire
Note:
Capital:
Language: Latin
Script: Latin
Religion: Olympian, Christianity
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -1900
End: -1600
Type: Archaeology
Note: Kingdom of Alashiya
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry: Bronze
Reference:
Notes:
Start: -282
End: -133
Type: Dynasty
Note: Diadochi (Alexandrian)
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes: Kingdom of Pergamon
Start: -2300
End: -1900
Type: Archaeology
Note: Philia culture
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
 
Bird Vase
   
NoteFour legged bird vase Collection: Archäologischen Museum Iraklio, Kreta
Year2600 BC
Category: Pottery
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Olaf Tausch
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
[1 of 0]
Clay goat figurine
   
NotePorti, Platanos, Koumasa, 2300 - 1900 BCE. Collection: Heraklion Archaeological Museum.
Year2300 BC
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material:  Clay
Collection: 
Author:  Jebulon
Reference:  Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication
[2 of 0]
Bowl sherd
   
NoteKamares pot
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Cnossus
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  1936,0901.12
[3 of 0]
 
 
Marble head
   
NoteHead from the figure of a woman, Spedos type, Early Cycladic II (2700 BC–2300 BC), Keros culture.
Year2700 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Cyclades
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Seated harp player
   
NoteEarly Cycladic I–II Cycladic; Grotta-Pelos culture
Year2800 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Cyclades
Material:  Marble
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Marble female figure
   
NoteEarly Cycladic II Keros-Syros culture
Year2600 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Cyclades
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
Marble female figure
   
NoteHarvard Art Museums, Cambridge,MA, USA
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Cyclades
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
 
Female figure
   
Note
Year4000 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Cyclades
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Marble harp player
   
NoteCycladic figurine, from the early Cycladic II period, early spedos type, found in early 19. century in a grave on the Greek island of Santorini. Badisches Landesmuseum, Karlsruhe, Germany
Year1900 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
 
Bronze Age idol
   
NoteCyprus Museum, 2400–2000 BC
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Cyprus
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By Klaus D. Peter, Wiehl, Germany - Own
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22776348
[1 of 0]
Cypriot idol, "Red Polished Ware"
   
Note(2100–2000 BC). Museum zu Allerheiligen.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By User:Helvetiker - Own work, Public Do
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12649748
[2 of 0]
 
 
Cretan spouted jug
   
NoteArchaeological Museum of Herakleion. Kamares-style pottery. Old palatial period 2100-1700 B.C.
Year2000 BC
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Wolfgang Sauber - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6509132
[1 of 0]
Male Votive figure
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material:  Terracotta
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  1907,0119.3
[2 of 0]
Kamares Fruit Dish
   
NotePainted Pottery dish from Phaistos. Collection: Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete, Greece.
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Olaf Tausch
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
[3 of 0]
Votive figure
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material:  Terracotta
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  1907,0119.4
[4 of 0]
Bridge-spouted Jar
   
NoteRestored and given to the New York Metropolitan Museum by the Ashmolean, Oxford, UK
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Cnossus
Material:  Terracotta
Author: 
Reference:  11.186.10
[5 of 0]
 
 
Female Figure
   
NoteImage Cropped, Collection: Archaeological Museum of Heraklion.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Zde - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52848058
[1 of 0]
Bronze Female figure
   
NotePossibly votive figure with typical one arm raised to the head in worship or veneration
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material:  Bronze
Author: 
Reference:  24.150.9
[2 of 0]
Kamares Pithos (Jug)
   
NoteArchäologischen Museum Iraklio, Kreta
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Olaf Tausch
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
[3 of 0]
Jug with spirals
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Cnossus
Material:  Terracotta
Author: 
Reference:  11.186.12
[4 of 0]
Bulls Head Vase
   
NoteThis vase is a type of rhyton, or libation vase. The offering was poured through the hole in the animals muzzle. The vase was filled either by immersion in a large container or through the hole on the head. Using the principle of the siphon, liquid would not flow out as long as the opening at the top was closed with the thumb.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material:  Terracotta
Author: 
Reference:  1973.35
[5 of 0]
Bull and acrobat figure
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material:  Bronze
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  1966,0328.1
[6 of 0]
Bridge-spouted Jar
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material:  Terracotta
Author: 
Reference:  07.232.25
[7 of 0]
 
Mask of Agamemnon
   
NoteFound at Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann Present location National Archaeological Museum of Athens
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Mycenae
Material:  Gold
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
The Lady of Phylakopi
   
NoteThe Lady of Phylakopi. Wheel-made female figurine of a goddess or priestess from West Shrine in Phylakopi. Late Helladic III A period, Phylakopi III, probably 14th century BC. Archaeological Museum of Milos, Cat. no. B 655. Discovered by Colin Renfrew, Excavations 1974-77. Image cropped.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Zde
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
[2 of 0]
Gold and Silver Bull Rhyton
   
NoteSilver mycaenean vase (rhtyon) shaped as a bull head with gold horns.
Year1500 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Mycenae
Material:  Silver and Gold
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
Stirrup vase with octopus design
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Rhodes
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
 
Stirrup jar
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Cnossus
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  1896,0201.26
[1 of 0]
Minoan Octopus Vase
   
NoteCretan clay Octopus vase. Archaeological Museum in Herakleion
Year1500 BC
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material:  Terracotta
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Bulls head rhyton
   
NoteFound in Zakros, Central Sanctuary Complex Collection: Heraklion Archaeological Museum
Year1500 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication
[3 of 0]
Restored Minoan Frieze
   
Note
Year
Category: Painting
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
Bull head rhyton
   
NoteCollection: Archaeological Museum of Heraklion, case 94.
Year1500 BC
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Zde
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. Image cropped
[5 of 0]
Large globular flask
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  1898,1201.15
[6 of 0]
Bronze figure
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Crete
Material:  Bronze
Author: 
Reference:  26.31.490
[7 of 0]
Larnax (chest-shaped coffin)
   
Note
Year
Category: Ornament
Location: 
Material:  Terracotta
Author: 
Reference:  1996.521a, b
[8 of 0]
Painted Pottery Jar
   
NoteCemetery of Myrsini (Mirsini), near Sitia, Crete. Collection: Archaeological Museum of Agios Nikolaos.
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Crete
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Zde - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license
[9 of 0]
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kouros statues
   
NoteKleobis and Biton. Identified by inscriptions on the base. Dedicated to Delphi by the city of Argos, signed by [Poly?]medes of Argos. H. 1.97 m (6 ft. 5 ½ in.)(wiki) Archaeological Museum of Delphi.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Marble
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  467, 1524
[1 of 0]
 
Sounion Kouros
   
NoteKouros statue, National Archaeological Museum, Athens (NAMA)
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Athens
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
 
 
 
 
Head of a Kouros
   
NoteNational Archaeological Museum of Athens
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Kroisos Kouros
   
Notemarble kouros statue from Anavyssos in Attica. National Archaeological Museum of Athens
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Marble
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Temple of Poseidon
   
NoteCape Sounion, the southernmost point of Attica
Year
Category: Architecture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
 
 
 
 
Temple of Trajan
   
Noteat Pergamon,Asia Minor. Built by Hadrian
Year
Category: Architecture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]