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 Sumer

Start: 2900 BC
End: 2124 BC
Type: Culture
Language: Sumerian
Script: Sumerian Cuneiform
Religion: Sumerian
Reference: Short Chronology

 Akkadian Empire

Start: 2270 BC
End: 2083 BC
Type: Dynasty
Language: Akkadian Semitic
Script: Akkadian Cuneiform
Religion: Akkadian Ishtar
Reference: SumerianKing List, Short Chronology

 Third Dynasty of Ur

Start: 2055 BC
End: 1940 BC
Type: Dynasty
Language: Sumerian
Script: Sumerian Cuneiform
Religion: Sumerian
Reference: SumerianKing List (Short Chronology)
Notes: Epic of Gilgamesh (Sumerian), Enmerkar and the L...

 First Assyrian Empire

Start: 1975 BC
End: 1781 BC
Type: Dynasty
Language: Sumerian Akkadian
Religion: Ashur,Adad,Ishtar
Reference: Assyrian King List
Notes: Middle Bronze Age MBIIA

 First Empire of Babylon

Start: 1728 BC
End: 1531 BC
Type: Dynasty
Note: Amorite
Language: Amorite (Semitic)
Script: Akkadian Cuneiform
Religion: Semitic
Reference: Short Chronology
Notes: Ancestors of Hammurabi are not part of the First Empire, as Hammurabi defeated other cities such as Larsa and created The First Empire. His ancestors are associated to this box and need to be relocated.

 Mitanni

Start: 1531 BC
End: 1400 BC
Type: Dynasty
Language: Hurrian (Indo-European)
Script: Cuneiform
Periods:
Rulers:
Larsa kings:
Babylonian Kings:

 Neo-Babylonian Empire

Start: 626 BC
End: 539 BC
Type: Dynasty
Note: Chaldean
Language: Akkadian, Aramaic
Religion: Babylonian

 Neo-Assyrian Empire

Start: 911 BC
End: 609 BC
Type: Dynasty
Note: Monarchy
Capital: Assur
Language: Akkadian / Aramaic
Script: Sumerian-Akkadian Cuneiform / Aramaic Alphabet
Religion: Ahurism (Henotheist)
Industry: Iron Age
Notes: Great Library of Ashurbanipal - copies of Epic of Gilgamesh made from Sumerian versions

 Uruk period

Start: 4000 BC
End: 2900 BC
Type: Culture
Capital: Uruk
Script: cuneiform
Periods:
Rulers:
Larsa kings:
Babylonian Kings:

 Eastern (Byzantine) Roman Empire

Start: 306 AD
End: 518 AD
Type: Empire
Note: Byzantine
Religion: Christianity

 Alexandrian Empire

Start: 359 BC
End: 323 BC
Type: Dynasty
Note: Argead Dynasty
Religion: Olympian
Periods:
Rulers:
Larsa kings:
Babylonian Kings:

 Roman Empire

Start: 27 BC
End: 395 AD
Type: Empire
Language: Latin
Script: Latin
Religion: Olympian, Christianity
Periods:
Rulers:
Larsa kings:
Babylonian Kings:
Dynastys:
images coming soon
Stone mace head
   
NoteSymbolic weapon deposited in a temple on behalf of a king(BM).From Girsu, Early Dynastic III, Telloh
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Stone
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  23287
[1 of 0]
Statue of Ebih-Il
   
NoteStatue of Ebih-Il, superintendent of Mari
Year2400 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Mari
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Seated figure of Prince Gudea
   
NoteGudea, Prince of Lagash. Made of Diorite, 46 cm; W. 33 cm; D. 22.50 cm
Year2400 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Lagash
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
male head
   
NoteAlabaster sculpture of bearded male head
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Mari
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
Male head
   
NoteGypsum statue of a male figure; only the head is preserved; carved with deeply recessed eye sockets and eyebrows, all originally inlaid, and a shallow recessed area corresponding to the beard which was originally overlaid; the eye sockets still contain extensive traces of bitumen.(BM). Abu Habba (Sippar)
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Sippar
Material:  Gypsum, Bitumen
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  91877
[5 of 0]
Female statue
   
NoteGypsum statue of woman; carved; eyes were originally inlaid; stands with clasped hands; wears mantle over left shoulder; deep kaunakes fringe at bottom; hair bound with fillet with broad mass each side of face; gathered into braid at the back.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Gypsum
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  116666
[6 of 0]
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Bust of Sargon of Akkad
   
NoteThis bust might depict Sargons grandson Naram-Sin (wikipedia). Iraqi Museum, Baghdad
Year2270 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Nineveh
Material:  Bronze
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Mace head
   
NoteMace head; carved fromf pink marble; perforated, polished and incised with votive inscription of Shar-kali-sharri to Shamash at Sippar.(BM) From Abu Habba
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Marble
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Green marble mace head
   
NoteCarved, perforated and polished surfaces; cavity for haft and bevelled edges; elongated ellipse shape; inscribed.(BM)
Year
Category: Tool
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
Bronze head of a ruler
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Akkad
Material:  Bronze
Author: 
Reference:  47.100.80
[4 of 0]
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Great Ziggurat of Ur
   
NoteReconstruction of Ur-Nammus ziggurat, based on the 1939 reconstruction by Woolley (vol. V, fig. 1.4)(wikipedia)
Year2030 BC
Category: Architecture
Location:  Ur
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Cuneiform tablet
   
NoteThe text describes the construction of a temple by Shulgi, a king of the Third Dynasty of Ur. The white infilling in the signs is modern.(BM) Temple of Dimtabba, Ur
Year
Category: Writing
Location:  Ur
Material:  Steatite
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  118560
[2 of 0]
Crescent Moon Weight
   
NoteWeight of ½ mina dedicated by King Shulgi and bearing the emblem of the crescent moon: it was used in the temple of the Moon-God at Ur. Ur III period.
Year
Category: Tool
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
Plan of terrain
   
Note
Year
Category: Writing
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
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Cuneiform cylinder
   
NoteInscripted clay, Sumerian script, cuneiform
Year1950 BC
Category: Writing
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Copper foundation figure
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Larsa
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
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Ceramic tower with figure and tw
   
NoteCeramic tower with figure and two lions
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference:  68.155
[1 of 0]
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Hammurabai stele
   
Note
Year
Category: Writing
Location:  Ur
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  118551
[1 of 0]
Frog weight
   
NoteDiorite or andesite weight weighing 10 minas
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference:  1988.301
[2 of 0]
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Stele of Meli Shipak II
   
NoteMelišipak kudurru-Land grant to Marduk-apal-iddina(wikipedia)
Year1186 BC
Category: Writing
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Kassite Kuddurru
   
NoteKuddurru (Boundary stone) found near Baghdad. Held in The Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Year1531 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
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Tikulti Ninurta Mace Head
   
NoteMace with the name of Tukulti-Ninurta
Year1243 BC
Category: Tool
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
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Nabonidus Cylinder
   
NoteTerracotta cylinder by Nabonidus concerning repairs on the temple of Sîn (wikipedia)
Year556 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Etemenanki Ziggurat
   
NoteThe Babylonian ziggurat (aka tower of Babel) re-built by Nebuchadnezzar II. Temple to the God Marduk.
Year600 BC
Category: Architecture
Location:  Babylon
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Lion head
   
NoteFrom Hasanlu
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
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Gypsum mace head
   
NoteWith cuneiform script. Found at Kidmuri
Year
Category: Tool
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Carved Head
   
NoteIvory head of a woman: with long hair and wearing a necklace with four rows of beads. She wears a headband or diadem, knotted at the back, consisting of alternating flowers and discs linked together. (BM) Nimrud
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Ivory
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  118234
[2 of 0]
Stele of Ashurbanipal
   
NoteThe king carrying a basket on his head
Year660 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Babylon
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
Human-headed winged bull
   
NoteLamassu. Relief from the m wall, k door, of king Sargon IIs palace at Dur Sharrukin in Assyria (now Khorsabad in Iraq)(wikipedia)
Year716 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
Barrel cylinder
   
NoteFrom Library of Ashurbanipal. Sargon II. Akkadian cuneiform acript. Found: Khorsabad
Year
Category: Writing
Location: 
Material:  Clay
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  22505
[5 of 0]
Nimrud Sphynx
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[6 of 0]
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Gold lion-griffin plaque
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Gold
Author: 
Reference:  54.3.2
[1 of 0]
Gold ram rhyton
   
NoteNational Museum of Iran
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Ecbatana
Material:  Gold
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Golden drinking vessel
   
NoteThe Hyrcanian Golden cup. Dated first half of first millennium. Excavated at Kalardasht in Mazandaran.
Year
Category: Ornament
Location: 
Material:  Gold
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[3 of 0]
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Carved Jar
   
NoteEgg shaped stone jar with flat base; carved with two lions attacking bulls, with a scale pattern in 3 rows indicating the ground below; the neck is lost; two holes drilled opposite one another in the shoulder suggest that the jar may have been suspended.Rim and neck broken off.(BM)Late Uruk
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Granite
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  128886
[1 of 0]
Globular Clay Accountancy Envelope
   
NoteGlobular Accountancy clay envelope found with a cluster of accounting tokens. Example of Symbolic Technology. From the Tell of the Acropolis in Susa. Atlas 17360
Year
Category: Tool
Location:  Susa
Material:  Clay
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference:  Public Domain
[2 of 0]
The mask of Warka
   
NoteThe mask of Warka, from Warka (ancient Uruk), Iraq. Jemdet Nasr period The Iraq Museum, Baghdad. Image Cropped.
Year3000 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Uruk
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg)
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
[3 of 0]
Cylinder seal
   
NoteThe king-priest and his acolyte feeding the sacred herd(wiki)
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Limestone
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
Proto Cuneiform Tablet
   
NoteProto Cuneiform Tablet from Uruk III. Department of Oriental antiquities, Richelieu. Image cropped.
Year
Category: Writing
Location: 
Material:  Clay
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.
[5 of 0]
Limestone statuette of bearded man
   
NoteLimestone statuette of bearded man (possibly priest-king), Ancient Near East Gallery, Louvre.
Year3300 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference:  Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication
[6 of 0]
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Temple of Trajan
   
Noteat Pergamon,Asia Minor. Built by Hadrian
Year
Category: Architecture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]