ooo
 ▶
50,000BC 10,000BC 3,000BC 500AD
 

Ancient Mesopotamia  

A01 A02 A03 A04 A06 A09 A10 A11 A12 A13
B00 B01 B02 B03 B04 B05 B06 B07 B08 B09 B10 B11 B12 B13 B14
C00 C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 C06 C07 C08 C09 C10 C13 C14
D00 D01 D02 D03 D04 D05 D06 D07 D08 D12 D13 D14
E01 E02 E03 E04 E06 E07 E08 E09 E10 E11 E12 E13
F01 F02 F03 F04 F06 F07 F08 F09 F11 F12
G00 G02 G03 G04 G06 G07 G08 G09 G10 G11 G12
H02 H03 H04 H06 H07 H08 H09 H10 H11 H12
I03 I04 I05 I07 I08 I11 I12 I13
J03 J04 J05 J07 J08 J09 J11 J12 J13 J14
K03 K04 K07 K08 K11 K12 K13 K14
L03 L04 L13 L14
M03 M04 M05
Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean
Mediterannean Sea
Black Sea
Caspian
Sea
Persian
Gulf
Red
Sea
Arabian Sea
Bay of Bengal
South China Sea
East China Sea
Zagros Mountains
Euphrates
Tigris
 
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital: Uruk
Language:
Script: cuneiform
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
No images yet
 
Egg shaped stone jar with flat base; carved with two lions attacking bulls, with a scale pattern in 3 rows indicating the ground below; the neck is lost; two holes drilled opposite one another in the shoulder suggest that the jar may have been suspended.Rim and neck broken off.(BM)Late Uruk
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Granite
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  128886
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
The king-priest and his acolyte feeding the sacred herd(wiki)
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Limestone
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
Alabaster head; could represent god, goddess or worshipper; a vertical groove at the back of the head, with nail holes on the sides, suggests that it was originally fixed to a pole.(BM)Late Uruk
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Alabaster
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  126460
 
Name: Sumer  
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital:
Language: Sumerian
Script: Sumerian Cuneiform
Religion: Sumerian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference: Short ChronologyShort Chronology
Notes:
No images yet
 
2400 BC
Gudea, Prince of Lagash. Made of Diorite, 46 cm; W. 33 cm; D. 22.50 cm
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Lagash
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
Alabaster sculpture of bearded male head
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Mari
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
Symbolic weapon deposited in a temple on behalf of a king(BM).From Girsu, Early Dynastic III, Telloh
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Stone
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  23287
Copper alloy mask and bitumen head of a panther or lion cub; associated metal fragments found separately.(BM) Tell Al-Ubaid, Early Dynastic III
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Copper alloy, bitumen
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  114313
Copper alloy head of a young bull, broken from a relief; head complete, partly filled with bitumen, copper alloy fastening nail through the back of the neck; ears complete, eyes and muzzle clearly modelled; crescent in low relief on the forehead. Excavated/Findspot: Tell Al-\\'Ubaid, Temple of Ninhursag.(BM)
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Copper alloy, bitumen
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  118015
Gypsum statue of a male figure; only the head is preserved; carved with deeply recessed eye sockets and eyebrows, all originally inlaid, and a shallow recessed area corresponding to the beard which was originally overlaid; the eye sockets still contain extensive traces of bitumen.(BM). Abu Habba (Sippar)
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Sippar
Material:  Gypsum, Bitumen
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  91877
Gypsum statue of woman; carved; eyes were originally inlaid; stands with clasped hands; wears mantle over left shoulder; deep kaunakes fringe at bottom; hair bound with fillet with broad mass each side of face; gathered into braid at the back.
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Gypsum
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  116666
Copper alloy foundation figure of a man with clasped hands, bearded and with very long hair. Legs united in a point(BM). Early Dynastic III, Telloh
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Copper alloy
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  91016
 
Type: Dynasty
Note:
Capital:
Language: Akkadian Semitic
Script: Akkadian Cuneiform
Religion: Akkadian Ishtar
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference: SumerianKing List, Short ChronologySumerianKing List, Short Chronology
Notes:
No images yet
 
2270 BC
This bust might depict Sargons grandson Naram-Sin (wikipedia). Iraqi Museum, Baghdad
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Nineveh
Material:  Bronze
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
Mace head; carved fromf pink marble; perforated, polished and incised with votive inscription of Shar-kali-sharri to Shamash at Sippar.(BM) From Abu Habba
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Marble
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
Carved, perforated and polished surfaces; cavity for haft and bevelled edges; elongated ellipse shape; inscribed.(BM)
Category:  Tool
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Akkad
Material:  Bronze
Author: 
Reference:  47.100.80
 
Type: Dynasty
Note:
Capital:
Language: Sumerian
Script: Sumerian Cuneiform
Religion: Sumerian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference: SumerianKing List (Short Chronology)SumerianKing List (Short Chronology)
Notes: Epic of Gilgamesh (Sumerian), Enmerkar and the L...
No images yet
 
2030 BC
Reconstruction of Ur-Nammus ziggurat, based on the 1939 reconstruction by Woolley (vol. V, fig. 1.4)(wikipedia)
Category:  Architecture
Location:  Ur
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
The text describes the construction of a temple by Shulgi, a king of the Third Dynasty of Ur. The white infilling in the signs is modern.(BM) Temple of Dimtabba, Ur
Category:  Writing
Location:  Ur
Material:  Steatite
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  118560
Weight of ½ mina dedicated by King Shulgi and bearing the emblem of the crescent moon: it was used in the temple of the Moon-God at Ur. Ur III period.
Category:  Tool
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
Category:  Writing
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
 
Type: Dynasty
Note:
Capital:
Language: Sumerian Akkadian
Script:
Religion: Ashur,Adad,Ishtar
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference: Assyrian King ListAssyrian King List
Notes: Middle Bronze Age MBIIA
No images yet
 
Ceramic tower with figure and two lions
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference:  68.155
[1 of 1]
 
Type: Dynasty
Note:
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
No images yet
 
1950 BC
Inscripted clay, Sumerian script, cuneiform
Category:  Writing
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 1]
No images yet
 
Category:  Writing
Location:  Ur
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  118551
Diorite or andesite weight weighing 10 minas
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference:  1988.301
 
Name: Mitanni  
Type: Dynasty
Note:
Capital:
Language: Hurrian (Indo-European)
Script: Cuneiform
Religion:
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
No images yet
 
No images yet
 
716 BC
Lamassu. Relief from the m wall, k door, of king Sargon IIs palace at Dur Sharrukin in Assyria (now Khorsabad in Iraq)(wikipedia)
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
660 BC
The king carrying a basket on his head
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Babylon
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
With cuneiform script. Found at Kidmuri
Category:  Tool
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
From Library of Ashurbanipal. Sargon II. Akkadian cuneiform acript. Found: Khorsabad
Category:  Writing
Location: 
Material:  Clay
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  22505
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference:  62.269.1
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
Ivory head of a woman: with long hair and wearing a necklace with four rows of beads. She wears a headband or diadem, knotted at the back, consisting of alternating flowers and discs linked together. (BM) Nimrud
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Ivory
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  118234
 
Type: Dynasty
Note: Chaldean
Capital:
Language: Akkadian, Aramaic
Script:
Religion: Babylonian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
No images yet
 
556 BC
Terracotta cylinder by Nabonidus concerning repairs on the temple of Sîn (wikipedia)
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
600 BC
The Babylonian ziggurat (aka tower of Babel) re-built by Nebuchadnezzar II. Temple to the God Marduk.
Category:  Architecture
Location:  Babylon
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
From Hasanlu
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
No images yet
 
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Gold
Author: 
Reference:  54.3.2
National Museum of Iran
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Ecbatana
Material:  Gold
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
The Hyrcanian Golden cup. Dated first half of first millennium. Excavated at Kalardasht in Mazandaran.
Category:  Ornament
Location: 
Material:  Gold
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
 
Type: Dynasty
Note: Argead Dynasty
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Olympian
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Rulers:
No images yet
 
 
Type: Empire
Note:
Capital:
Language: Latin
Script: Latin
Religion: Olympian, Christianity
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
Dynastys:
Periods:
Rulers:
No images yet
 
at Pergamon,Asia Minor. Built by Hadrian
Category:  Architecture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 1]
 
Type: Empire
Note: Byzantine
Capital:
Language:
Script:
Religion: Christianity
Agriculture:
Industry:
Reference:
Notes:
No images yet