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 Ubaid Period

Start: 6500 BC
End: 3800 BC
Type: Archaeology
Note: Eridu

 Halaf culture

Start: 6100 BC
End: 5500 BC
Type: Culture
Note: Chalcolithic

 Uruk period

Start: 4000 BC
End: 2900 BC
Type: Culture
Capital: Uruk
Script: cuneiform

 Hassuna culture

Start: 6500 BC
End: 6000 BC
Type: Culture

 Samarra Culture

Start: 5500 BC
End: 4800 BC
Type: Culture

 Ain Ghazal Culture

Start: 7250 BC
End: 5000 BC
Type: Culture

 Çatalhöyük Culture

Start: 7500 BC
End: 5700 BC
Type: Culture
Capital: Çatalhöyük

 Proto Elamite

Start: 3200 BC
End: 2700 BC
Type: Dynasty
Note: Early Bronze Age
Script: Proto Elamite

 Pre-Pottery Neolithic A

Start: 10000 BC
End: 8800 BC
Type: Archaeology

 Natufian culture

Start: 13000 BC
End: 7500 BC
Type: Culture
Capital: Shuqba cave
Language: possibly proto-Afro-Asiatic
Agriculture: Sedentary hunter-gatherer, cereal milling
Industry: Microlithic industry
Notes: Early pre-agricultural sedentary culture. The earliest known archaeological evidence of dog domestication. Lived in a proto-Jericho site. The worlds oldest brewery.

 Pre-Pottery Neolithic B

Start: 8800 BC
End: 6500 BC
Type: Archaeology

 Khiamian

Start: 10000 BC
End: 9500 BC
Type: Archaeology

 Neolithic Cyprus

Start: 8800 BC
End: 3800 BC
Type: Archaeology
images coming soon
Pottery jar
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Tell al-Ubaid
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author:  By ALFGRN - https://www.flickr.com/photos/156915032@N07/33767005
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78172134
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Pottery jar
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Tell al-Ubaid
Material:  Clay
Collection:  The Louvre
Author:  By ALFGRN - https://www.flickr.com/photos/156915032@N07/33767005
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78172134
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Pottery jar
   
Note
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Tell al-Ubaid
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author:  By ALFGRN - https://www.flickr.com/photos/156915032@N07/46728788
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78172135
[3 of 0]
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Seated female figure
   
NoteClay Mother Goddess / Venus figurine.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Halaf
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Female figure
   
Notepainted terracotta Mother Goddess Figure / venus figurine.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Halaf
Material:  Terracotta
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference:  AO 21095, AO
[2 of 0]
Female figure
   
NoteMother Goddess Figure / venus figurine, The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Halaf
Material:  Clay
Author: 
Reference:  48.2741
[3 of 0]
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Carved Jar
   
NoteEgg shaped stone jar with flat base; carved with two lions attacking bulls, with a scale pattern in 3 rows indicating the ground below; the neck is lost; two holes drilled opposite one another in the shoulder suggest that the jar may have been suspended.Rim and neck broken off.(BM)Late Uruk
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Granite
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  128886
[1 of 0]
Globular Clay Accountancy Envelope
   
NoteGlobular Accountancy clay envelope found with a cluster of accounting tokens. Example of Symbolic Technology. From the Tell of the Acropolis in Susa. Atlas 17360
Year
Category: Tool
Location:  Susa
Material:  Clay
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference:  Public Domain
[2 of 0]
The mask of Warka
   
NoteThe mask of Warka, from Warka (ancient Uruk), Iraq. Jemdet Nasr period The Iraq Museum, Baghdad. Image Cropped.
Year3000 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Uruk
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg)
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
[3 of 0]
Cylinder seal
   
NoteThe king-priest and his acolyte feeding the sacred herd(wiki)
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Limestone
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
Proto Cuneiform Tablet
   
NoteProto Cuneiform Tablet from Uruk III. Department of Oriental antiquities, Richelieu. Image cropped.
Year
Category: Writing
Location: 
Material:  Clay
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference:  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.
[5 of 0]
Limestone statuette of bearded man
   
NoteLimestone statuette of bearded man (possibly priest-king), Ancient Near East Gallery, Louvre.
Year3300 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference:  Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication
[6 of 0]
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Hassuna Ibex Decorated Bowl
   
NoteDecorated redware bowl with Ibexes. By United States Agency for International Development - United States Department of Defense, Public Domain.
Year
Category: Pottery
Location:  Hassuna
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By United States Agency for International Development
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45057599
[1 of 0]
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Female figurine
   
NoteFound in the Tell es Sawwan (middle Tigris, near Samarra), level 1, ca. 6000 BC.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Samarra
Material:  Alabaster
Collection: 
Author:  By Unknown - Female_figurine_Tell_es_Sawwan_DAO33.jpg, Public Do
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15417770
[1 of 0]
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Human figure
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Plaster
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
Half human figure
   
NoteThis example, known to the BM as Micah, is one of many from the Ain Ghazal cache. The eyes are painted with bitumen and there is a green mineral pigment residue, dioptase.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Lime plaster, reed armature
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  Micah
[2 of 0]
Human figure
   
NoteThis example, known to the BM as Noah, is one of many from the Ain Ghazal cache. The eyes are painted with bitumen and there is a green mineral pigment residue, dioptase
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Lime plaster, reed armature
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  Noah
[3 of 0]
Human figure
   
NoteThis example, known to the BM as Heifa, is one of many from the Ain Ghazal cache. The eyes are painted with bitumen and there is a green mineral pigment residue, dioptase.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Lime plaster, reed armature
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  Heifa
[4 of 0]
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Seated Mother Goddess of Çatalhöyük
   
NoteSeated Mother Goddess / Venus from Catalhoyuk (Turkey), Neolithic age (about 6000-5500 BCE), today in Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara. (wiki). Head is modern reconstruction.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By Nevit Dilmen (talk) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14783156
[1 of 0]
Wild bull horns
   
NoteWild bull horns on pillars in Building 77 at Çatalhöyük site.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Jason Quinlan
Reference:  http://www.catalhoyuk.com
[2 of 0]
Small female figurine
   
NoteSmall Mother Goddess / Venus figurine found at Çatalhöyük in 2008
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Jason Quinlan
Reference:  www.catalhoy
[3 of 0]
Statuette of a seated female nude
   
NoteStatuette of a seated nude from Çatalhöyük, one of the earliest examples representing the Mother Goddess.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[4 of 0]
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Horned figure
   
NoteThis solid-cast sculpture is one of a pair of nearly identical images of a hero or a demon wearing the upturned boots associated with highland regions, his power enhanced by the mighty horns of the ibex on his head(NYM). more
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Bronze
Author: 
Reference:  2007.280
[1 of 0]
Sialk ziggurat
   
NoteCAD rendering of Sialk ziggurat based on archeological evidence(wikipedia)
Year3000 BC
Category: Architecture
Location:  Tepe Sialk
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[2 of 0]
Kneeling bull figurine
   
Notemore
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Susa
Material:  Silver
Author: 
Reference:  66.173
[3 of 0]
Anthropomorphic vessel
   
NoteNorthwestern Iran .Smithsonian museums, Washington DC, USA.
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference:  S1986.501
[4 of 0]
Statuette of a Monkey
   
Note
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference: 
[5 of 0]
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Plastered skull
   
NoteIsrael Museum, Jerusalem
Year9000 BC
Category: Other
Location: 
Material:  Skull,Plaster
Collection: 
Author:  By Gary Todd - https://www.flickr.com/ph
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78713357
[1 of 0]
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The Ain Sakhri Lovers
   
NoteThe Ain Sakhri lovers, from Ain Sakhri, Judea. (British Museum: 1958,1007.1 )
Year9000 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Carved stone (calcite cobble)
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
[1 of 0]
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Pre pottery B Female figurine
   
NoteFemale and male figurines; 9000-7000 BC; gypsum with bitumen and stone inlays; from Tell Fekheriye (Al-Hasakah Governorate of Syria); University of Chicago Oriental Institute (USA)
Year
Category: Sculpture
Material: 
Author:  By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 3.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65577180
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Pre pottery B Male figurine
   
NoteFemale and male figurines; 9000-7000 BC; from Tell Fekheriye (Al-Hasakah Governorate of Syria); University of Chicago Oriental Institute (USA)
Year
Category: Sculpture
Material:  Gypsum with bitumen and stone in
Author:  By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 3.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65577180
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Venus figurine
   
NoteClay female human figurine (Fertility goddess) Tappeh Sarab, Kermanshah ca. 7000-6100 BC, Neolithic period, National Museum of Iran
Year7000 BC
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Tappeh Sarab
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By Nationalmuseumofiran - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63082270
[3 of 0]
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Terracotta Female Head
   
NoteCYPRUS 7thC BC. Head of terracotta female figure. Image cropped
Year
Category: Sculpture
Location:  Rhodes
Material:  Terracotta
Collection:  The British Museum
Author:  CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
Reference:  BM 1864,1007.1270
[1 of 0]