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50,000BC 10,000BC 3,000BC 500AD
 

Neolithic Near-East  

A01 A02 A03 A04 A06 A09 A10 A11 A12 A13
B00 B01 B02 B03 B04 B05 B06 B07 B08 B09 B10 B11 B12 B13 B14
C00 C01 C02 C03 C04 C05 C06 C07 C08 C09 C10 C13 C14
D00 D01 D02 D03 D04 D05 D06 D07 D08 D12 D13 D14
E01 E02 E03 E04 E06 E07 E08 E09 E10 E11 E12 E13
F01 F02 F03 F04 F06 F07 F08 F09 F11 F12
G00 G02 G03 G04 G06 G07 G08 G09 G10 G11 G12
H02 H03 H04 H06 H07 H08 H09 H10 H11 H12
I03 I04 I05 I07 I08 I11 I12 I13
J03 J04 J05 J07 J08 J09 J11 J12 J13 J14
K03 K04 K07 K08 K11 K12 K13 K14
L03 L04 L13 L14
M03 M04 M05
Atlantic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
Indian Ocean
Mediterannean Sea
Black Sea
Caspian
Sea
Persian
Gulf
Red
Sea
Arabian Sea
Bay of Bengal
South China Sea
East China Sea
Zagros Mountains
Euphrates
Tigris
 
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital: Shuqba cave
Language: possibly proto-Afro-Asiatic
Script:
Religion:
Agriculture: Sedentary hunter-gatherer, cereal milling
Industry: Microlithic industry
Reference:
Notes: Early pre-agricultural sedentary culture. The earliest known archaeological evidence of dog domestication. Lived in a proto-Jericho site. The worlds oldest brewery.
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9000 BC
The Ain Sakhri lovers, from Ain Sakhri, Judea. (British Museum: 1958,1007.1 )
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Carved stone (calcite cobble)
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference: 
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Type: Archaeology
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9000 BC
Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Category:  Other
Location: 
Material:  Skull,Plaster
Collection: 
Author:  By Gary Todd - https://www.flickr.com/ph
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78713357
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Name: Khiamian  
Type: Archaeology
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Type: Archaeology
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Female and male figurines; 9000-7000 BC; gypsum with bitumen and stone inlays; from Tell Fekheriye (Al-Hasakah Governorate of Syria); University of Chicago Oriental Institute (USA)
Category:  Sculpture
Material: 
Author:  By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 3.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65577180
Female and male figurines; 9000-7000 BC; from Tell Fekheriye (Al-Hasakah Governorate of Syria); University of Chicago Oriental Institute (USA)
Category:  Sculpture
Material:  Gypsum with bitumen and stone in
Author:  By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 3.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65577180
7000 BC
Clay female human figurine (Fertility goddess) Tappeh Sarab, Kermanshah ca. 7000-6100 BC, Neolithic period, National Museum of Iran
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Tappeh Sarab
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By Nationalmuseumofiran - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63082270
 
Type: Culture
Note:
Capital: Çatalhöyük
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Seated Mother Goddess / Venus from Catalhoyuk (Turkey), Neolithic age (about 6000-5500 BCE), today in Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara. (wiki). Head is modern reconstruction.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By Nevit Dilmen (talk) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14783156
Wild bull horns on pillars in Building 77 at Çatalhöyük site.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Jason Quinlan
Reference:  http://www.catalhoyuk.com
Small Mother Goddess / Venus figurine found at Çatalhöyük in 2008
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  Jason Quinlan
Reference:  www.catalhoy
Statuette of a seated nude from Çatalhöyük, one of the earliest examples representing the Mother Goddess.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Çatalhöyük
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Type: Culture
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Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Plaster
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
This example, known to the BM as Micah, is one of many from the Ain Ghazal cache. The eyes are painted with bitumen and there is a green mineral pigment residue, dioptase.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Lime plaster, reed armature
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  Micah
This example, known to the BM as Noah, is one of many from the Ain Ghazal cache. The eyes are painted with bitumen and there is a green mineral pigment residue, dioptase
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Lime plaster, reed armature
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  Noah
This example, known to the BM as Heifa, is one of many from the Ain Ghazal cache. The eyes are painted with bitumen and there is a green mineral pigment residue, dioptase.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Ain Ghazal
Material:  Lime plaster, reed armature
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  Heifa
 
Type: Archaeology
Note: Eridu
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Category:  Pottery
Location:  Tell al-Ubaid
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author:  By ALFGRN - https://www.flickr.com/photos/156915032@N07/33767005
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78172134
Category:  Pottery
Location:  Tell al-Ubaid
Material:  Clay
Collection:  The Louvre
Author:  By ALFGRN - https://www.flickr.com/photos/156915032@N07/33767005
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78172134
Category:  Pottery
Location:  Tell al-Ubaid
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author:  By ALFGRN - https://www.flickr.com/photos/156915032@N07/46728788
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78172135
 
Type: Culture
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Decorated redware bowl with Ibexes. By United States Agency for International Development - United States Department of Defense, Public Domain.
Category:  Pottery
Location:  Hassuna
Material: 
Collection: 
Author:  By United States Agency for International Development
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45057599
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Type: Culture
Note: Chalcolithic
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Clay Mother Goddess / Venus figurine.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Halaf
Material: 
Collection: 
Author: 
Reference: 
painted terracotta Mother Goddess Figure / venus figurine.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Halaf
Material:  Terracotta
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference:  AO 21095, AO
Mother Goddess Figure / venus figurine, The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Halaf
Material:  Clay
Author: 
Reference:  48.2741
 
Type: Culture
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Found in the Tell es Sawwan (middle Tigris, near Samarra), level 1, ca. 6000 BC.
Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Samarra
Material:  Alabaster
Collection: 
Author:  By Unknown - Female_figurine_Tell_es_Sawwan_DAO33.jpg, Public Do
Reference:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15417770
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Type: Archaeology
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Industry: Pottery
Reference:
Notes: After a vacuum of almost 1,500 years until around 4500 BC one sees the emergence of Neolithic II (Ceramic Neolithic).
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Type: Culture
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Capital: Uruk
Language:
Script: cuneiform
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Egg shaped stone jar with flat base; carved with two lions attacking bulls, with a scale pattern in 3 rows indicating the ground below; the neck is lost; two holes drilled opposite one another in the shoulder suggest that the jar may have been suspended.Rim and neck broken off.(BM)Late Uruk
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Granite
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  128886
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
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The king-priest and his acolyte feeding the sacred herd(wiki)
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Limestone
Collection:  The Louvre
Author: 
Reference: 
Alabaster head; could represent god, goddess or worshipper; a vertical groove at the back of the head, with nail holes on the sides, suggests that it was originally fixed to a pole.(BM)Late Uruk
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Alabaster
Collection:  The British Museum
Author: 
Reference:  126460
 
Type: Archaeology
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Type: Dynasty
Note: Early Bronze Age
Capital:
Language:
Script: Proto Elamite
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This solid-cast sculpture is one of a pair of nearly identical images of a hero or a demon wearing the upturned boots associated with highland regions, his power enhanced by the mighty horns of the ibex on his head(NYM). more
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material:  Bronze
Author: 
Reference:  2007.280
3000 BC
CAD rendering of Sialk ziggurat based on archeological evidence(wikipedia)
Category:  Architecture
Location:  Tepe Sialk
Material: 
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Category:  Sculpture
Location:  Susa
Material:  Silver
Author: 
Reference:  66.173
Northwestern Iran .Smithsonian museums, Washington DC, USA.
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
Author: 
Reference:  S1986.501
Category:  Sculpture
Location: 
Material: 
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